Understanding the 7 Different Types of ADHD

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a complex condition that can manifest in different ways, and there are seven different types of ADHD. Understanding these types can help you to identify symptoms and seek appropriate treatment. Here are the seven different types of ADHD:

1. Inattentive Type

Inattentive type ADHD is characterized by difficulty paying attention, forgetfulness, and a tendency to be easily distracted. People with inattentive type ADHD may struggle with organization and completing tasks, and may appear “spacey” or daydreamy.

2. Hyperactive-Impulsive Type

Hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD is characterized by hyperactivity, restlessness, and a tendency to act impulsively without thinking through the consequences. People with this type of ADHD may interrupt others, have difficulty waiting their turn, and struggle with self-control.

3. Combined Type

Combined type ADHD is the most common type and is characterized by a combination of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms. People with this type of ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, be easily distracted, act impulsively, and be restless and fidgety.

4. Emotional Dysregulation Type

Emotional dysregulation type ADHD is characterized by difficulty regulating emotions, including mood swings, irritability, and emotional outbursts. People with this type of ADHD may struggle with social relationships, have difficulty coping with stress, and may experience depression or anxiety.

5. Cognitive Impulsivity Type

Cognitive impulsivity type ADHD is characterized by a tendency to act impulsively without considering the consequences. People with this type of ADHD may struggle with decision-making, have difficulty delaying gratification, and may engage in risky behaviors.

6. Spatial Processing Disorder Type

Spatial processing disorder type ADHD is characterized by difficulty with spatial awareness, including navigating space and understanding directions. People with this type of ADHD may struggle with tasks that require visual-spatial reasoning, such as reading maps or doing puzzles.

7. Temporal Processing Disorder Type

Temporal processing disorder type ADHD is characterized by difficulty with time management and time perception. People with this type of ADHD may struggle with punctuality, estimating time, and keeping schedules.

Understanding the different types of ADHD can help individuals and their families to better understand the condition and seek appropriate treatment. If you suspect that you or a loved one may have ADHD, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.