Understanding the 3 Types of Mediation and How They Work

Mediation is a process in which a neutral third party, known as a mediator, helps disputing parties reach a resolution to their conflict. Mediation can be used in a variety of settings, from family disputes to workplace conflicts. There are different types of mediation that are recognized in the field of conflict resolution, and that reflect different approaches to resolving disputes. Here are the three different types of mediation:

1. Facilitative Mediation

Facilitative mediation is a type of mediation that emphasizes the role of the mediator as a neutral facilitator of the negotiation process. The mediator’s role is to help the parties communicate effectively and to assist them in reaching a mutually acceptable solution. Facilitative mediation is often used in family disputes, community conflicts, and workplace disputes.

2. Evaluative Mediation

Evaluative mediation is a type of mediation that emphasizes the role of the mediator as an expert in the subject matter of the dispute. The mediator’s role is to provide an evaluation of the dispute and to offer suggestions for a resolution. Evaluative mediation is often used in disputes involving legal or financial matters, such as commercial disputes or insurance claims.

3. Transformative Mediation

Transformative mediation is a type of mediation that emphasizes the role of the mediator as a catalyst for transformation in the parties’ relationship. The mediator’s role is to empower the parties to make their own decisions and to encourage them to communicate effectively. Transformative mediation is often used in disputes involving interpersonal relationships, such as family disputes or workplace conflicts.

By understanding the different types of mediation, individuals can choose the most appropriate type of mediation for their needs and preferences. Mediation can be an effective way to resolve disputes in a constructive and collaborative manner, and it can help to preserve relationships and promote long-term solutions.