5 Types of Wood Beams for Construction and Decor

Wood beams are a timeless and attractive option for construction and decor. Whether you’re building a new home, renovating an existing space, or simply adding a decorative touch, wood beams offer a range of options for any style or budget. Here are the five main types of wood beams:

1. Solid Sawn Beams

Solid sawn beams, also known as rough sawn beams, are the most traditional and affordable option. They are cut directly from logs and retain their natural shape and texture. Solid sawn beams are versatile and can be used in a variety of applications, but may require additional finishing work to achieve a polished look.

2. Glulam Beams

Glulam beams, short for glued laminated timber, are made by laminating multiple layers of lumber together with glue. This process creates a strong and stable beam that can be customized to any shape or size. Glulam beams are a popular option for commercial and residential construction due to their strength, versatility, and design flexibility.

3. LVL Beams

LVL, short for laminated veneer lumber, is made by laminating thin layers of wood veneer together with adhesive. LVL beams offer a high strength-to-weight ratio and are a popular choice for load-bearing applications. They are also more uniform in size and shape than solid sawn beams, making them easier to work with and more aesthetically pleasing.

4. Parallam Beams

Parallam beams, also known as parallel strand lumber, are made by gluing together long strands of wood veneer. This process creates a beam that is strong, stable, and highly resistant to warping or twisting. Parallam beams are a popular option for residential construction, particularly in areas with high seismic activity or other natural hazards.

5. Reclaimed Wood Beams

Reclaimed wood beams are a popular option for those looking to add a rustic or vintage touch to their decor. These beams are salvaged from old buildings, barns, or other structures and retain their original character and patina. Reclaimed wood beams offer a unique and sustainable option for construction and decor, but may require additional cleaning or finishing work to achieve the desired look.

By understanding the different types of wood beams, you can choose the best option for your construction or decor needs. Whether you prefer the affordability and versatility of solid sawn beams, the strength and design flexibility of glulam beams, the high strength-to-weight ratio of LVL beams, the stability and resistance of parallam beams, or the rustic charm of reclaimed wood beams, there is a wood beam option to suit your style and budget.