Discover the Different Types of Viking Swords and Their Uses

Vikings were skilled warriors from the Scandinavian region during the Viking Age (approximately 793-1066 AD). They were known for their prowess in battle and their mastery of weaponry, including their swords. Here are some common types of Viking swords:

1. Carolingian Sword

The Carolingian sword was a type of Viking sword that emerged during the 8th and 9th centuries. It had a straight, double-edged blade with a broad fuller (groove) running down the center. The hilt featured a guard with curved ends and a lobed pommel. The Carolingian sword was characterized by its broad blade and overall robust design.

2. Petersen Type H Sword

The Petersen Type H sword is a well-known Viking sword type dating from the 9th and 10th centuries. It features a straight, double-edged blade with a fuller and a distinctive lobed pommel. The guard of the Type H sword can vary, sometimes having straight or curved ends. This type of sword represents the classic Viking sword design.

3. Petersen Type L Sword

The Petersen Type L sword is another common Viking sword type from the 9th and 10th centuries. It has a straight, double-edged blade with a fuller, similar to the Type H sword. The guard of the Type L sword is typically straight, and the pommel is often lobed or wheel-shaped. This sword type was popular among Viking warriors.

4. Petersen Type U Sword

The Petersen Type U sword is a Viking sword type that emerged in the 10th century. It features a straight, double-edged blade with a fuller and a guard that flares outward. The pommel of the Type U sword is typically five-lobed or lobed with raised edges. This sword type reflects the evolving design preferences during the later Viking Age.

5. Petersen Type X Sword

The Petersen Type X sword is a Viking sword type dating from the 10th century. It has a straight, double-edged blade with a fuller and a guard that curves slightly toward the blade. The pommel of the Type X sword can vary, ranging from lobed to wheel-shaped or faceted. This sword type represents a transition between Viking swords and later medieval sword designs.

These are some of the notable types of Viking swords that were used during the Viking Age. Viking swords were typically characterized by their straight, double-edged blades, fullers, and distinct hilt designs. The swords were often personalized with intricate engravings and served as symbols of status and power for Viking warriors.