5 Types of Vertigo

Vertigo is a type of dizziness that is characterized by a sensation of spinning or movement, even when the body is still. There are different types of vertigo, each with their unique causes and symptoms. Here are five types of vertigo to consider:

1. Peripheral Vertigo

Peripheral vertigo is the most common type of vertigo and is caused by a problem in the inner ear. It is often accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and a ringing in the ears. Peripheral vertigo can be treated with medication or vestibular rehabilitation therapy.

2. Central Vertigo

Central vertigo is less common than peripheral vertigo and is caused by a problem in the central nervous system, such as a stroke or brain tumor. It is often accompanied by symptoms such as double vision, slurred speech, and weakness in the limbs. Central vertigo requires immediate medical attention and treatment.

3. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a type of vertigo that is caused by small calcium crystals in the inner ear. It is often triggered by changes in head position and is characterized by short episodes of vertigo that last a few seconds to a few minutes. BPPV can be treated with positional maneuvers or vestibular rehabilitation therapy.

4. Vestibular Migraine

Vestibular migraine is a type of vertigo that is caused by a migraine headache. It is often accompanied by symptoms such as headache, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound. Vestibular migraine can be treated with medication and lifestyle changes.

5. Meniere’s Disease

Meniere’s disease is a type of vertigo that is caused by a buildup of fluid in the inner ear. It is often accompanied by symptoms such as hearing loss, tinnitus, and a feeling of fullness in the ear. Meniere’s disease can be treated with medication, dietary changes, and vestibular rehabilitation therapy.

Vertigo can be a distressing and debilitating condition, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, it can be managed and controlled. By understanding the different types of vertigo and their unique causes and symptoms, you can work with your healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that’s right for you.