5 Types of Vaginal Cysts and Their Symptoms

Vaginal cysts are sac-like structures that can develop in or around the vagina. They are usually benign and do not require treatment unless they become large or infected. However, some types of vaginal cysts can cause discomfort and pain, affecting daily life. Here are five types of vaginal cysts and their symptoms:

1. Bartholin’s Cyst

Bartholin’s cysts develop when the Bartholin’s glands, which are located on either side of the vaginal opening, become blocked. Symptoms include a small lump near the vaginal opening that may be painful or tender. Bartholin’s cysts can be treated with warm compresses or, if necessary, drainage or surgical removal.

2. Gartner’s Duct Cyst

Gartner’s duct cysts develop from remnants of the Wolffian duct, which forms during fetal development. Symptoms include a small, painless lump on the vaginal wall. Gartner’s duct cysts usually do not require treatment, but surgical removal may be necessary if the cyst becomes large or causes discomfort.

3. Nabothian Cyst

Nabothian cysts develop when the glands that line the cervix become blocked. Symptoms include small, painless lumps on the cervix that are usually discovered during a routine gynecological exam. Nabothian cysts do not require treatment and usually disappear on their own.

4. Epidermal Inclusion Cyst

Epidermal inclusion cysts develop when the skin cells around the vaginal opening become trapped and form a cyst. Symptoms include a small, painless lump near the vaginal opening. Epidermal inclusion cysts can be treated with surgical removal if they become large or cause discomfort.

5. Skene’s Duct Cyst

Skene’s duct cysts develop when the ducts that lead to the Skene’s glands, which are located near the urethra, become blocked. Symptoms include a small, painless lump near the urethra. Skene’s duct cysts usually do not require treatment, but surgical removal may be necessary if the cyst becomes large or causes discomfort.

Vaginal cysts are a common occurrence and usually harmless, but they can cause discomfort and pain if they become infected or large. By understanding the different types of vaginal cysts and their symptoms, women can seek prompt medical attention and ensure appropriate treatment.