5 Common Types of Trees in Illinois

Illinois is a state with a diverse range of ecosystems, from the grassy plains of the prairie to the forests of the Shawnee National Forest. The state is home to a variety of tree species that provide habitat for wildlife, clean air and water, and valuable resources. Here are the 5 most common types of trees in Illinois:

Oak Trees

Oak trees are a common sight in Illinois and are known for their large size and impressive canopies. They have a variety of uses, from providing shade and shelter to wildlife to being used for furniture and firewood. Oak trees have distinct leaves with deep lobes, and their bark is rough and furrowed.

Maple Trees

Maple trees are also common in Illinois and are known for their distinctive, hand-shaped leaves. They are used for lumber, syrup production, and decorative purposes. Maple trees have a straight trunk and grow to be quite tall, with leaves that turn bright red, orange, or yellow in the fall.

Ash Trees

Ash trees are a common sight in Illinois and are known for their strong, durable wood. They are used for furniture, tool handles, and baseball bats. Ash trees have leaves that are compound and long, with a pointed tip, and their bark is smooth and gray.

Hickory Trees

Hickory trees are a common sight in Illinois and are known for their strong, durable wood and delicious nuts. They are used for furniture, flooring, and tool handles. Hickory trees have leaves with pointed tips and a serrated edge, and their bark is rough and shaggy.

Birch Trees

Birch trees are a common ornamental tree in Illinois and are known for their distinctive white bark. They are used in landscaping and as ornamental trees. Birch trees have leaves that are oval-shaped and have a pointed tip, and their bark is smooth and white.

Illinois’ trees are an important part of the state’s natural resources and economy. They provide habitat for wildlife, clean air and water, and valuable resources. By learning about the different types of trees in Illinois, you can better appreciate the beauty and importance of these natural resources.