5 Common Types of Tractor Trailers and Their Uses

Tractor trailers, also known as semi-trucks or 18-wheelers, are used for transportation and delivery of goods across long distances. They consist of a tractor unit, which is a cab with a powerful diesel engine, and a trailer unit, which is attached to the tractor and carries the cargo. Tractor trailers come in different types and configurations to suit various transportation needs. Here are 5 common types of tractor trailers and their uses:

Dry Van Trailers

Dry van trailers, also known as box trailers, are the most common type of tractor trailer and are used for transporting dry goods, such as clothing, electronics, and household items. They are enclosed and can be climate-controlled to protect the cargo from weather and theft. Dry van trailers come in different sizes and lengths, and can be used for long hauls or short trips.

Refrigerated Trailers

Refrigerated trailers, also known as reefer trailers, are used for transporting temperature-sensitive goods, such as food, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals. They have a built-in refrigeration unit that can maintain a specific temperature range, from below freezing to above room temperature. Refrigerated trailers are essential for ensuring the safety and quality of perishable products during transportation.

Flatbed Trailers

Flatbed trailers are used for transporting large and heavy items, such as construction materials, machinery, and vehicles. They have an open and flat bed that can accommodate different sizes and shapes of cargo. Flatbed trailers come in different lengths and widths, and can be equipped with different types of loading ramps and tie-downs to secure the cargo during transportation.

Lowboy Trailers

Lowboy trailers, also known as lowbed trailers, are used for transporting heavy and oversized items, such as construction equipment, industrial machinery, and wind turbine components. They have a low profile and a lower center of gravity that allows them to carry taller and heavier loads than other types of trailers. Lowboy trailers can be detached from the tractor and used for loading and unloading heavy equipment.

Tank Trailers

Tank trailers are used for transporting liquid and gaseous products, such as petroleum, chemicals, and food products. They are made of specialized materials, such as stainless steel or aluminum, and have a built-in tank that can hold different volumes and types of liquids and gases. Tank trailers can be pressurized or non-pressurized and can be equipped with specialized safety features, such as emergency valves and spill containment systems.

Tractor trailers are essential for the transportation and delivery of goods across long distances. By understanding the different types of tractor trailers and their uses, we can better appreciate their importance and choose the best ones for our transportation needs.