5 Common Types of Traction Splints and Their Uses

Traction splints are medical devices used to immobilize and stabilize fractured bones, particularly in the lower extremities. They work by applying traction to the affected limb, which helps to reduce pain, prevent further damage, and promote healing. Traction splints come in different types and designs to suit various types of fractures and patient needs. Here are 5 common types of traction splints and their uses:

Hare Traction Splints

Hare traction splints are the most common type of traction splints used in emergency medicine. They are designed for treating femoral fractures and consist of a metal rod that is inserted into the thigh bone and a padded ankle hitch that is attached to the foot. Hare traction splints provide both longitudinal and circumferential traction to the affected limb and are easy to apply and adjust.

Sager Traction Splints

Sager traction splints are similar to Hare traction splints but have a few additional features. They have a spring-loaded mechanism that allows for easy application and adjustment of traction, and a unique wrap-around design that helps to secure the limb in place. Sager traction splints are commonly used in pre-hospital settings and are effective for treating femoral fractures.

Thomas Splints

Thomas splints are a type of traction splint used for treating lower leg fractures, particularly tibia and fibula fractures. They consist of a metal frame that wraps around the leg and a footplate that applies traction to the foot. Thomas splints are designed to provide both longitudinal and rotational traction to the affected limb and are commonly used in hospital settings.

Kendrick Traction Devices

Kendrick traction devices, also known as KTDs, are a type of traction splint designed for use in wilderness and remote settings. They consist of a flexible pole and a footplate that can be easily adjusted and secured to the affected limb. Kendrick traction devices are lightweight and portable and are commonly used by first responders, outdoor enthusiasts, and military personnel.

Buck Traction Splints

Buck traction splints are a type of traction splint used for treating hip fractures, particularly in elderly patients. They consist of a metal frame that wraps around the leg and a footplate that applies traction to the foot. Buck traction splints provide both longitudinal and lateral traction to the affected limb and are commonly used in hospital settings.

Traction splints are essential medical devices used to treat fractures and injuries in the lower extremities. By understanding the different types of traction splints and their uses, we can better appreciate their importance in the medical field and choose the best ones for our patient needs.