Different Types of Ticks Found in New Jersey

Ticks are small arachnids that can pose a threat to humans and animals as they can transmit diseases through their bites. New Jersey is home to several species of ticks, each with their own unique characteristics. Knowing the different types of ticks in New Jersey can help you protect yourself and your pets from tick-borne illnesses.

Blacklegged Tick

The blacklegged tick, also known as the deer tick, is a common tick found in New Jersey. It is known for transmitting Lyme disease, which can cause symptoms such as fever, headache, and fatigue. These ticks are small, brown or black, and have a distinctive black-legged appearance. They are often found in wooded and grassy areas.

American Dog Tick

The American dog tick is another common tick found in New Jersey. It is larger than the blacklegged tick and is known for transmitting Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia. These ticks are brown with white or gray markings and are often found in grassy areas and fields.

Lone Star Tick

The lone star tick is a relatively new arrival to New Jersey, and it is becoming more common in the state. This tick is known for causing an allergy to red meat in some individuals, as well as transmitting diseases such as ehrlichiosis and southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI). These ticks are brown with a distinctive white spot on their backs and are often found in wooded areas.

Brown Dog Tick

The brown dog tick is a species of tick that is primarily found indoors, particularly in homes with dogs. These ticks are reddish-brown in color and can transmit diseases such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever and canine ehrlichiosis.

Amblyomma Tick

The Amblyomma tick, also known as the Gulf Coast tick, is another tick species found in New Jersey. It is known for transmitting several diseases, including rickettsiosis and tularemia. These ticks are brown with a distinct light-colored pattern on their backs and are often found in wooded areas and grassy fields.

In conclusion, ticks are a common problem in New Jersey and can transmit diseases to both humans and animals. Knowing the different types of ticks in the area can help you take steps to protect yourself and your pets from tick-borne illnesses. If you find a tick on yourself or your pet, it’s important to remove it as soon as possible using tweezers and to monitor for any symptoms of illness.