Common Types of Ticks Found in Texas

Ticks are small arachnids that can transmit diseases through their bites, posing a threat to both humans and animals. Texas is home to several species of ticks, each with their own unique characteristics. Knowing the different types of ticks in Texas can help you protect yourself and your pets from tick-borne illnesses.

Blacklegged Tick

The blacklegged tick, also known as the deer tick, is a common tick found in Texas. It is known for transmitting Lyme disease, which can cause symptoms such as fever, headache, and fatigue. These ticks are small, brown or black, and have a distinctive black-legged appearance. They are often found in wooded and grassy areas.

American Dog Tick

The American dog tick is another common tick found in Texas. It is known for transmitting Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia. These ticks are larger than the blacklegged tick and are brown in color with white or gray markings. They are often found in grassy areas and fields.

Lone Star Tick

The lone star tick is a species of tick that is commonly found in Texas. This tick is known for causing an allergy to red meat in some individuals, as well as transmitting diseases such as ehrlichiosis and southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI). These ticks are brown with a distinctive white spot on their backs and are often found in wooded areas.

Brown Dog Tick

The brown dog tick is a species of tick that is primarily found indoors, particularly in homes with dogs. These ticks are reddish-brown in color and can transmit diseases such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever and canine ehrlichiosis.

Gulf Coast Tick

The Gulf Coast tick is a species of tick that is commonly found in Texas. This tick is known for transmitting diseases such as spotted fever rickettsiosis and human monocytic ehrlichiosis. These ticks are brown with a distinctive white or cream-colored spot on their backs.

In conclusion, Texas is home to several species of ticks that can transmit diseases to both humans and animals. Knowing the different types of ticks in the area can help you take steps to protect yourself and your pets from tick-borne illnesses. If you find a tick on yourself or your pet, it’s important to remove it as soon as possible using tweezers and to monitor for any symptoms of illness.