Ticks are a common problem in Pennsylvania, and they can be a serious health risk for humans and pets. There are several types of ticks found in Pennsylvania, and each has its unique characteristics and potential health threats. In this article, we’ll discuss 5 types of ticks found in Pennsylvania and the diseases they can transmit.
American Dog Tick
The American dog tick is one of the most common ticks found in Pennsylvania. They are brown in color with white or yellowish markings and are most active during the spring and summer months. American dog ticks can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia to humans.
Blacklegged Tick (Deer Tick)
Blacklegged ticks, also known as deer ticks, are a significant health risk in Pennsylvania. They are small and black with a reddish-brown abdomen and are most active from late spring to early fall. Blacklegged ticks can transmit Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis to humans.
Brown Dog Tick
Brown dog ticks are less common in Pennsylvania than other tick species, but they can still be found in the state. They are reddish-brown in color and prefer to feed on dogs, although they can bite humans. Brown dog ticks can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever to humans.
Lone Star Tick
The Lone Star tick is not as common in Pennsylvania as other tick species, but it is still a concern for public health. They are brown with a distinctive white spot on the female’s back and are most active from March to July. Lone Star ticks can transmit ehrlichiosis and southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI) to humans.
Groundhog ticks are another tick species found in Pennsylvania, and they prefer to feed on groundhogs, although they can also bite humans. They are reddish-brown in color and are most active during the late winter and early spring months. Groundhog ticks can transmit Powassan virus to humans.
It’s important to take precautions to avoid tick bites, especially when spending time outdoors. Wear long sleeves and pants, use insect repellent, and check your body for ticks after being outside. If you find a tick, remove it promptly with tweezers. Be sure to monitor your health and seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of a tick-borne illness.