Ticks are a common problem in Iowa, and they can transmit a variety of diseases to humans and pets. There are several types of ticks found in Iowa, and it’s important to be aware of the potential health risks associated with each. In this article, we’ll discuss 5 types of ticks found in Iowa and the diseases they can transmit.
American Dog Tick
The American dog tick is one of the most common ticks found in Iowa. They are brown in color with white or yellowish markings and are most active during the spring and summer months. American dog ticks can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia to humans.
Blacklegged Tick (Deer Tick)
Blacklegged ticks, also known as deer ticks, are a significant health risk in Iowa. They are small and black with a reddish-brown abdomen and are most active from late spring to early fall. Blacklegged ticks can transmit Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis to humans.
Brown Dog Tick
Brown dog ticks are less common in Iowa than other tick species, but they can still be found in the state. They are reddish-brown in color and prefer to feed on dogs, although they can bite humans. Brown dog ticks can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever to humans.
Lone Star Tick
The Lone Star tick is a common tick species found in Iowa. They are brown with a distinctive white spot on the female’s back and are most active from March to July. Lone Star ticks can transmit ehrlichiosis and southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI) to humans.
Winter ticks, also known as moose ticks, are a tick species found in Iowa that primarily affect large mammals such as moose and deer. They are most active in the winter months and can cause hair loss, anemia, and even death in animals.
It’s essential to take precautions to avoid tick bites, especially when spending time outdoors. Wear long sleeves and pants, use insect repellent, and check your body for ticks after being outside. If you find a tick, remove it promptly with tweezers. Be sure to monitor your health and seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of a tick-borne illness.