4 Types of Surgical Drains and Their Uses

Surgical drains are an essential tool in any surgical procedure. They are used to remove excess fluid and prevent infection after surgery. Different types of surgical drains are designed for specific uses, making it essential to choose the right type for each procedure. In this article, we’ll explore 4 types of surgical drains commonly used in the operating room, including open, closed, Jackson-Pratt, and Hemovac drains.

1. Open Drains

Open drains, also known as passive drains, are used to remove fluid from the surgical site. These drains are placed into the wound and are left open to the air, allowing fluid to drain out. Open drains are commonly used for superficial wounds or in cases where the amount of fluid being drained is minimal.

2. Closed Drains

Closed drains, also known as active drains, are used to remove fluid from the surgical site and prevent the accumulation of fluid. These drains are connected to a suction device that creates negative pressure, allowing fluid to be removed from the surgical site. Closed drains are commonly used for deep wounds or in cases where large amounts of fluid need to be drained.

3. Jackson-Pratt Drains

Jackson-Pratt drains are a type of closed drain that uses a bulb to create suction. These drains have a plastic bulb that is attached to the end of a drainage tube. The bulb is compressed before insertion to create negative pressure, which allows fluid to be removed from the surgical site. Jackson-Pratt drains are commonly used in abdominal surgeries, breast surgeries, and plastic surgeries.

4. Hemovac Drains

Hemovac drains are also a type of closed drain that uses a spring to create suction. These drains have a plastic container that is attached to the end of a drainage tube. The container has a spring mechanism that creates negative pressure, allowing fluid to be removed from the surgical site. Hemovac drains are commonly used in orthopedic surgeries, such as joint replacements.

In conclusion, surgical drains are an essential tool in any surgical procedure, and different types of drains are designed for specific uses. Open drains, closed drains, Jackson-Pratt drains, and Hemovac drains are all commonly used in the operating room and have specific uses. Choosing the right type of drain for each procedure is essential for achieving the best possible outcome for the patient.