Exploring Montana’s Rattlesnakes: 4 Types of Rattlesnakes Found in the Wild

In Montana, there are two main species of rattlesnakes that can be found:

Prairie Rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis)

The Prairie Rattlesnake is the most common rattlesnake species in Montana. It is found throughout the state and is well-adapted to various habitats, including grasslands, prairies, open woodlands, and rocky areas. Prairie Rattlesnakes have a venomous bite and a distinctive rattling sound produced by their tail. They are usually gray or tan in color with dark blotches or bands along their body.

Western Rattlesnake (Crotalus oreganus)

The Western Rattlesnake is also present in certain areas of Montana, particularly in the western part of the state. It has several subspecies, including the Northern Pacific Rattlesnake (Crotalus oreganus oreganus) and the Great Basin Rattlesnake (Crotalus oreganus lutosus). Western Rattlesnakes can be found in various habitats, including grasslands, sagebrush plains, forests, and rocky areas. They are venomous and have a similar appearance to Prairie Rattlesnakes, with coloration ranging from brown to gray and dark blotches or bands.

Encountering a rattlesnake in the wild can be dangerous, and it is important to exercise caution and keep a safe distance. If you come across a rattlesnake, it is best to back away slowly and give it space. It is also recommended to educate yourself about snake safety and be aware of local regulations regarding encounters with venomous snakes.