Understanding Turkey’s Political Parties: A Guide to the Types of Parties in Turkey

Types of Political Parties in Turkey

Turkey has a multi-party system with several political parties representing various ideologies and interests. Here are some of the major political parties in Turkey:

1. Justice and Development Party (AKP)

The Justice and Development Party is a conservative political party that has been in power since 2002. It promotes socially conservative values, economic liberalism, and Islamic principles.

2. Republican People’s Party (CHP)

The Republican People’s Party is a secular and social democratic party. It advocates for secularism, democratic governance, and social justice. The party has a strong emphasis on Kemalism, the ideology of modern Turkey’s founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

3. Nationalist Movement Party (MHP)

The Nationalist Movement Party is a right-wing nationalist party. It promotes Turkish nationalism, conservatism, and a strong state. The party has a significant base of support among nationalists and conservatives.

4. Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP)

The Peoples’ Democratic Party is a left-wing political party that focuses on Kurdish rights, democracy, and social justice. It represents a diverse range of groups, including Kurds, leftists, and liberals.

5. Good Party (IP)

The Good Party is a center-right political party that split from the Nationalist Movement Party in 2017. It advocates for conservative values, secularism, and democratic reforms.

6. Felicity Party (SP)

The Felicity Party is an Islamist political party that promotes conservative values, Islamic principles, and social justice. It represents a conservative and religious base of support.

7. Future Party (GP)

The Future Party is a centrist political party that was established in 2019. It focuses on liberal values, democratic reforms, and economic development.

These are some of the major political parties in Turkey, but there are also other smaller parties that contribute to the political landscape. It’s important to note that the dynamics and relative influence of these parties can change over time, reflecting the evolving political climate in Turkey.