The Different Types of Philodendron: A Guide to Identification

Philodendron is a genus of tropical plants that are commonly grown as houseplants or in gardens. There are numerous species and cultivars of philodendrons, each with its own unique characteristics. Here are some popular types of philodendron:

1. Philodendron Selloum (Philodendron bipinnatifidum):

Also known as Split-Leaf Philodendron, this variety has large, deeply lobed leaves with a distinct split pattern. It is a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor landscaping.

2. Philodendron Brasil (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’):

Philodendron Brasil has heart-shaped leaves with green centers and yellow variegation. It is a trailing or climbing variety that adds a pop of color to any space.

3. Philodendron Micans:

Philodendron Micans is characterized by its velvety, deep green leaves with bronze undertones. It has a trailing growth habit, making it suitable for hanging baskets or cascading over shelves.

4. Philodendron Pink Princess (Philodendron erubescens ‘Pink Princess’):

This striking variety features dark green leaves with splashes of pink, maroon, and white variegation. It is highly sought after for its unique foliage.

5. Philodendron Birkin (Philodendron hederaceum ‘Birkin’):

Philodendron Birkin is known for its glossy green leaves with striking yellow or cream-colored pinstripes. It is a compact and easy-to-care-for variety.

6. Philodendron Xanadu (Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Xanadu’):

Philodendron Xanadu is a compact variety with deeply dissected, glossy green leaves. It forms a dense, bushy shape and is well-suited for indoor or outdoor landscaping.

7. Philodendron Congo (Philodendron ‘Congo Rojo’ or ‘Congo Green’):

Philodendron Congo is characterized by its large, paddle-shaped leaves that unfurl in shades of deep green or reddish-green. It is a popular choice for its bold foliage.

8. Philodendron Hope (Philodendron selloum ‘Hope’):

Philodendron Hope is a large, shrub-like variety with deeply lobed, glossy green leaves. It is often used as a tropical landscape plant or as a statement plant indoors.

These are just a few examples of the many types of philodendron available. Each variety has its own growth habit, leaf shape, color, and care requirements. When selecting a philodendron, consider factors such as the available space, light conditions, and personal preferences to choose the best one for your needs.