A Guide to Paper Folding: Exploring the Different Types of Paper Folds

Paper folding, also known as origami, is a popular art form and recreational activity that involves creating various shapes and designs by folding paper. There are numerous types of paper folds, each with its own technique and resulting structure. Here are four common types of paper folds used in origami:

1. Valley Fold

A valley fold is one of the basic folds in origami, creating a downward “V” shape. To make a valley fold, you fold the paper by bringing the two edges or corners together, folding the paper inward along the centerline. The resulting fold creates a crease that forms a valley when viewed from the top.

2. Mountain Fold

A mountain fold is the opposite of a valley fold, creating an upward “^” shape. It involves folding the paper outward along the centerline, so the folded portion is on the outside. The resulting fold creates a crease that resembles a mountain when viewed from the top.

3. Reverse Fold

A reverse fold involves changing the direction of an existing fold by folding the paper in the opposite direction. It is commonly used to create flaps, tucks, or layers in origami models. To make a reverse fold, you unfold a section of the paper, then fold it back in the opposite direction, following the existing crease lines.

4. Squash Fold

A squash fold is a technique used to flatten and spread out a portion of the paper, creating a wider surface. It is often used to create petals, wings, or other symmetrical shapes in origami models. To make a squash fold, you open up a flap of the paper, flatten it, and then fold it down along the existing creases, tucking the excess paper inside.

These are just a few examples of the many types of paper folds used in origami. Advanced origami techniques involve more intricate folds and combinations of multiple folds to create intricate designs and models. Origami enthusiasts often experiment with various fold types and techniques to push the boundaries of paper folding art.