Identifying Oklahoma Snakes: Common Types and Where to Find Them

Oklahoma is home to a diverse range of snake species, some of which are venomous and others that are harmless. Here are some common types of snakes found in Oklahoma:

1. Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is a venomous snake found in Oklahoma. It has a distinct diamond-shaped pattern on its back and a rattle at the end of its tail. It can grow quite large and is known for its potent venom.

2. Timber Rattlesnake

The Timber Rattlesnake, also known as the Canebrake Rattlesnake, is another venomous snake found in Oklahoma. It has a series of dark brown or black bands along its body and a rattle at the end of its tail. It prefers wooded areas and is known for its rattling sound when threatened.

3. Copperhead

The Copperhead is a venomous snake that can be found in Oklahoma. It has distinctive copper-colored patterns on its body, which provide excellent camouflage in its natural habitat. Copperheads are pit vipers and have heat-sensing pits on their heads.

4. Western Cottonmouth (Water Moccasin)

The Western Cottonmouth, also known as the Water Moccasin, is a venomous snake found in Oklahoma, particularly in wetland areas. It has a dark-colored body and a wide, triangular-shaped head. Cottonmouths are known for their ability to swim and are often found near water sources.

5. Bullsnake

The Bullsnake is a non-venomous snake that is commonly found in Oklahoma. It has a yellowish-brown body with dark blotches or patches. Bullsnakes are known for their defensive behavior, which includes hissing loudly and vibrating their tails to mimic rattlesnakes.

6. Eastern Coachwhip

The Eastern Coachwhip is a non-venomous snake that can be found in Oklahoma. It has a slender body and can range in color from brown to black. Eastern Coachwhips are known for their agility and speed and are excellent climbers.

These are just a few examples of the snake species that can be found in Oklahoma. It’s important to note that while some snakes are venomous, most snakes encountered in the wild are harmless and play important roles in the ecosystem. If you encounter a snake, it’s advisable to maintain a safe distance and avoid disturbing it.