Mustard Greens 101: A Guide to Different Types and How to Cook Them

Mustard greens are leafy green vegetables that belong to the Brassica family, which also includes cabbage, kale, and broccoli. They have a peppery and slightly bitter flavor, making them a popular choice in various cuisines. Here are some common types of mustard greens:

1. Green Mustard Greens

Green mustard greens, also known as curly mustard greens or mustard greens, are the most commonly found variety. They have crinkled leaves with a dark green color and a pungent flavor. Green mustard greens are often used in salads, stir-fries, and soups.

2. Red Mustard Greens

Red mustard greens, also known as purple mustard greens or red giant mustard greens, have vibrant red or purple leaves with a milder flavor compared to green mustard greens. They can add a pop of color to salads and dishes and are commonly used for garnishing or as a decorative element in culinary presentations.

3. Tendergreen Mustard Greens

Tendergreen mustard greens are a hybrid variety that combines the characteristics of green mustard greens and spinach. They have tender leaves and a milder, less peppery taste compared to other mustard greens. Tendergreen mustard greens are versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes, including salads, sautés, and stews.

4. Mizuna

Mizuna is a Japanese mustard green variety with slender, feathery leaves and a mild, slightly peppery flavor. It is commonly used in salads and stir-fries, and its delicate texture makes it a popular choice for raw preparations.

5. Komatsuna

Komatsuna, also known as Japanese mustard spinach or tendergreen mustard, has dark green, spoon-shaped leaves with a mild, spinach-like flavor. It is commonly used in Japanese and Asian cuisines in salads, stir-fries, and soups.

These are just a few examples of the many varieties of mustard greens available. Each type of mustard green has its own unique flavor profile and culinary uses. Mustard greens are not only delicious but also packed with nutrients, making them a healthy addition to your diet.