Uncovered: The Types of Mosquitoes in Maryland and How to Protect Yourself

In Maryland, various mosquito species can be found due to the state’s diverse habitats and proximity to bodies of water. These mosquito species differ in their preferred breeding sites, activity patterns, and potential disease transmission. Here are some common types of mosquitoes found in Maryland:

1. Aedes albopictus

Aedes albopictus, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is an invasive mosquito species found in Maryland. It has black and white striped legs and body. Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are aggressive biters and are primarily active during the day. They can transmit diseases such as dengue fever and Zika virus.

2. Culex pipiens

Culex pipiens, commonly known as the northern house mosquito, is a prevalent mosquito species in Maryland. It has a brown body and prefers to breed in stagnant water sources, such as bird baths and clogged gutters. Culex pipiens mosquitoes are active during the evening and nighttime hours and can transmit diseases like West Nile virus.

3. Anopheles quadrimaculatus

Anopheles quadrimaculatus is a mosquito species found in Maryland that is known to transmit malaria parasites. It has a dark brown or black body with spotted wings. Anopheles mosquitoes are typically active during the evening and nighttime hours and prefer to breed in freshwater habitats such as marshes and swamps.

4. Psorophora columbiae

Psorophora columbiae, also known as the gallinipper mosquito, is a large and aggressive mosquito species found in Maryland. It has a dark body with white bands on its legs. While Psorophora columbiae mosquitoes do not typically transmit diseases, their painful bites can be a nuisance to humans and animals.

5. Culiseta melanura

Culiseta melanura is a mosquito species found in Maryland that primarily feeds on birds. It has a dark body with white bands on its legs. While Culiseta melanura mosquitoes are not known for directly transmitting diseases to humans, they play a role in the transmission cycle of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus, which can affect both birds and humans.

These are just a few examples of the mosquito species found in Maryland. It’s important to note that mosquito populations and the risk of disease transmission can vary depending on factors such as climate, season, and local conditions. Taking preventive measures, such as using mosquito repellents, eliminating breeding sites, and wearing protective clothing, can help reduce mosquito bites and minimize the potential for mosquito-borne diseases.