Everything You Need to Know About Monstera Varieties and Care

Monstera is a genus of tropical flowering plants that belongs to the Araceae family. The most well-known species in this genus is Monstera deliciosa, also called the Swiss cheese plant or split-leaf philodendron. However, there are several other species and cultivars within the Monstera genus. Here are a few types of Monstera plants:

1. Monstera deliciosa

Monstera deliciosa is the most common and widely recognized species. It features large, glossy, and perforated leaves, giving it the nickname “Swiss cheese plant.” It is a popular choice as an indoor or tropical houseplant and can grow large leaves with fenestrations (natural splits) as it matures.

2. Monstera adansonii

Monstera adansonii, commonly known as the Swiss cheese vine or five holes plant, is a smaller species compared to Monstera deliciosa. It has delicate, heart-shaped leaves with fenestrations similar to Monstera deliciosa but on a smaller scale. It is often grown as a hanging plant or trained to climb.

3. Monstera obliqua

Monstera obliqua, often referred to as the “Swiss cheese plant’s crazy cousin,” is a rare and highly sought-after species. It has extremely perforated leaves and a delicate, lacy appearance. Monstera obliqua requires specific growing conditions and is considered more challenging to cultivate than other Monstera species.

4. Monstera karstenianum

Monstera karstenianum, also known as the Peruvian Monstera or false Swiss cheese plant, has smaller leaves compared to Monstera deliciosa. Its leaves are typically oval-shaped with fenestrations. It is a climbing species and is often grown on trellises or allowed to cascade in hanging baskets.

5. Monstera pinnatipartita

Monstera pinnatipartita is a unique species within the Monstera genus. It has deeply dissected leaves with long lobes, giving it a fern-like appearance. This species is less common in cultivation but is prized for its striking foliage.

These are just a few examples of the types of Monstera plants that exist. The Monstera genus is diverse, and there are other species and hybrids with different leaf shapes, sizes, and growth habits. Each type of Monstera plant offers its own aesthetic appeal and care requirements, making them popular choices among plant enthusiasts and collectors.