In Jordan, the official language is Arabic, specifically the Levantine dialect. However, due to the multicultural nature of Jordan, other languages are also spoken by various communities. Here are the main languages spoken in Jordan:
Arabic is the official language of Jordan and the most widely spoken language. The local variant is the Levantine dialect, which includes regional variations in pronunciation, vocabulary, and expressions. Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is used in formal settings, education, media, and official documents.
English is widely understood and spoken, especially in urban areas, among the educated population, and in business and tourism sectors. It is taught in schools as a second language, and many Jordanians have a good command of English.
3. Bedouin Arabic Dialects
In certain regions of Jordan, particularly in rural areas and among the Bedouin communities, Bedouin Arabic dialects are spoken. These dialects have distinct features and reflect the traditional nomadic lifestyle of the Bedouin people.
4. Other Minority Languages
There are also communities in Jordan that speak languages other than Arabic, including:
– Armenian: Spoken by the Armenian community in Jordan.
– Circassian: Spoken by the Circassian community, descendants of Circassian refugees who settled in Jordan in the 19th century.
– Kurdish: Spoken by the Kurdish community, primarily in the northern region of Jordan.
It’s important to note that while Arabic is the dominant language and the official language of Jordan, English is widely used for business, tourism, and international communication. Additionally, Jordan’s multicultural society embraces and respects its linguistic diversity.