In Finland, the official language is Finnish, and it is the most widely spoken language in the country. However, there are also other languages spoken in Finland due to its multicultural nature and historical connections with neighboring countries. Here are the main languages spoken in Finland:
Finnish is the official language of Finland and is spoken by the majority of the population. It belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family and has its unique grammar, vocabulary, and phonetics. Finnish is used in all aspects of daily life, including government, education, business, and media.
Swedish is the second official language of Finland and is primarily spoken by the Swedish-speaking minority, which comprises around 5-6% of the population. Swedish is predominantly spoken along the coastal areas of Finland, especially in the region of Åland. It is also used in government, education, business, and media.
3. Sámi Languages
The Sámi languages are spoken by the indigenous Sámi people in the northern parts of Finland, as well as in Norway, Sweden, and Russia. The Sámi languages, including Northern Sámi, Inari Sámi, Skolt Sámi, and others, have official recognition and cultural significance.
Russian is spoken by a notable portion of the population, particularly by Russian-speaking immigrants and individuals with Russian heritage. Russian is used in communities, businesses, and cultural interactions, especially in areas near the Russian border.
5. Other Immigrant Languages
Finland is home to various immigrant communities, and as a result, other languages are spoken within these communities. Commonly spoken languages include Estonian, Somali, Arabic, Kurdish, Turkish, Spanish, and many more.
The linguistic diversity in Finland reflects its multicultural society and historical connections with neighboring countries. Finland recognizes and supports linguistic diversity, providing language education and resources for different language communities.