Everything You Need to Know About Kumquats: Types, Taste, and More

Types of Kumquats

Kumquats are small, citrus fruits that belong to the Rutaceae family. They are known for their unique combination of sweet and tangy flavors, as well as their edible skin. There are several different varieties of kumquats, each with its own distinct characteristics. Let’s explore some of the most popular types of kumquats:

1. Nagami Kumquat

The Nagami kumquat is perhaps the most well-known variety. It features an oval shape and bright orange color. The flavor of the Nagami kumquat is pleasantly tart, with a slightly sweet undertone. Its skin is thin and smooth, making it easy to eat the entire fruit. Nagami kumquats are often used in cooking, baking, or enjoyed as a fresh snack.

2. Marumi Kumquat

The Marumi kumquat is another widely cultivated variety. Unlike the Nagami, it has a round shape and a slightly smaller size. The Marumi kumquat has a sweeter taste compared to the Nagami, with a milder tanginess. Its skin is thicker and has a rougher texture. This type of kumquat is often used for making preserves, marmalades, or candied kumquats due to its pleasant flavor and texture.

3. Calamondin Kumquat

The Calamondin kumquat is a hybrid variety that results from crossing a kumquat with a mandarin orange. It is smaller in size and has a vibrant orange color. The flavor of the Calamondin kumquat is sour and tart, with a hint of sweetness. Its skin is thin and easy to eat, and the flesh contains numerous small seeds. Calamondin kumquats are often used in culinary applications, including sauces, marinades, or refreshing beverages.

4. Jiangsu Kumquat

The Jiangsu kumquat, also known as the Fukushu kumquat, is a variety that originated in China. It is larger in size compared to other kumquat types and has a bright orange color. The Jiangsu kumquat has a sweet and tangy flavor, with less acidity than some other varieties. It is often eaten fresh or used in desserts, salads, or as a garnish due to its attractive appearance and pleasant taste.

5. Malayan Kumquat

The Malayan kumquat is a lesser-known variety that hails from Malaysia. It has an elongated shape and a yellow-orange color when fully ripe. The flavor of the Malayan kumquat is sweeter and less tart compared to other kumquats. It has a thin skin that is smooth and easy to eat. While it is less commonly found, it can be enjoyed fresh, used in cooking, or as a decorative element in culinary presentations.


Kumquats offer a delightful burst of flavor and a unique eating experience. From the tartness of the Nagami to the sweetness of the Marumi, and the hybrid delights of the Calamondin, Jiangsu, and Malayan, there is a kumquat variety to suit every palate. Whether you enjoy them fresh, incorporate them into recipes, or use them as decorative elements, kumquats are sure to add a touch of citrusy goodness to your culinary adventures. So go ahead, explore the world of kumquats and savor their distinctive flavors!