The Ultimate Guide to Types of Kosher Food

Types of Kosher Food

Kosher food refers to food that meets the dietary requirements of Jewish dietary laws, known as kashrut. These laws specify which foods are permissible (kosher) and which are forbidden (non-kosher or treif). Here are some common types of kosher food:

1. Kosher Meat

Kosher meat comes from animals that have been slaughtered according to specific ritual practices. The process, known as shechita, involves a highly skilled individual (shochet) using a sharp, non-serrated knife to make a swift and humane cut across the throat, severing the major blood vessels. Kosher meat must come from kosher species, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and certain poultry.

2. Kosher Fish

Kosher fish are those that have both fins and scales. Examples of kosher fish include salmon, tuna, trout, cod, and haddock. Shellfish, such as shrimp, lobster, and crab, are not considered kosher and are prohibited.

3. Kosher Dairy

Kosher dairy products come from kosher animals and must be produced under specific guidelines. Kosher dairy products include milk, cheese, yogurt, and butter. Kosher laws require the complete separation of meat and dairy products. Therefore, kosher dairy and kosher meat products should not be cooked, consumed, or served together.

4. Pareve (Parve) Food

Pareve, also spelled parve, refers to food that is neither dairy nor meat. Pareve foods are considered neutral and can be consumed with both dairy and meat meals without violating kosher laws. Examples of pareve foods include fruits, vegetables, grains, eggs, and certain processed foods that do not contain any meat or dairy ingredients.

5. Kosher Wine

Kosher wine is produced according to specific requirements outlined in Jewish law. It involves the entire winemaking process, from cultivation to production and handling. Kosher wine must be produced and handled only by observant Jews, and various guidelines and certifications ensure its kosher status. Kosher wine is commonly used in religious rituals and celebrations.

6. Kosher Snacks and Prepared Foods

There is a wide range of kosher snacks and prepared foods available in the market. These include kosher-certified packaged snacks, baked goods, candies, desserts, sauces, soups, and more. The kosher certification ensures that these products meet the dietary requirements and standards of kosher laws.

7. Kosher for Passover Food

During the Passover holiday, additional dietary restrictions apply, and specific kosher for Passover foods are consumed. These foods are free from leavened grains, known as chametz, which are prohibited during Passover. Instead, kosher for Passover products are made with matzo meal, potato starch, and other permissible ingredients.


Kosher food encompasses a wide variety of products that adhere to the dietary laws of kashrut. From kosher meat and fish to dairy products, pareve foods, kosher wine, snacks, and kosher for Passover products, there are numerous options available for individuals who follow a kosher diet. The kosher certification process ensures that these foods meet the strict requirements and standards set forth in Jewish dietary laws.