Discover the Different Types of Kingfishers Around the Globe

Types of Kingfishers

Kingfishers are a diverse group of birds known for their vibrant colors, distinct beaks, and remarkable fishing skills. They can be found in various habitats worldwide, including near bodies of water. Here are some common types of kingfishers:

1. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

The Common Kingfisher is one of the most widespread and recognizable species of kingfishers. It is characterized by its bright blue and orange plumage, short tail, and long, pointed beak. Common Kingfishers can be found in Europe, Asia, and parts of North Africa. They are known for their exceptional diving and fishing abilities.

2. Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

The Belted Kingfisher is a common kingfisher species found in North and Central America. It has a distinctive appearance with a shaggy crest, bluish-gray plumage, and a white collar or “belt” across its chest. Belted Kingfishers are known for their loud, rattling calls and can be found near bodies of water, including rivers, lakes, and coastlines.

3. Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)

The Pied Kingfisher is a large and striking kingfisher species found in parts of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. It has black and white plumage, a spiky crest, and a long, pointed black beak. Pied Kingfishers are known for their hovering flight and remarkable fishing skills, often plunging into water to catch fish.

4. Woodland Kingfisher (Halcyon senegalensis)

The Woodland Kingfisher is a beautiful and vibrant kingfisher species found in sub-Saharan Africa. It has bright blue plumage, a chestnut belly, and a sturdy beak. Woodland Kingfishers are known for their loud, melodious calls that are often associated with the arrival of the rainy season. They inhabit woodlands, savannas, and forest edges.

5. Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae)

The Laughing Kookaburra is a large kingfisher species native to Australia. It has a distinctive call that resembles human laughter, which earned it its name. Laughing Kookaburras have a predominantly brown and white plumage, a robust beak, and a large head. While they primarily feed on small mammals and insects, they also catch fish on occasion.

6. Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis)

The Stork-billed Kingfisher is a large and colorful kingfisher species found in Southeast Asia and parts of the Indian subcontinent. It has a bright red bill, a blue back, and a white underbelly. Stork-billed Kingfishers inhabit mangroves, coastal areas, and freshwater wetlands. They are known for their distinctive rattling calls and are skilled fishers.

7. Azure Kingfisher (Ceyx azureus)

The Azure Kingfisher is a small and beautiful kingfisher species found in Australia, New Guinea, and parts of Indonesia. It has vibrant blue plumage on its back and wings, a chestnut-colored underbelly, and a slender, pointed beak. Azure Kingfishers inhabit riverbanks, creeks, and mangroves and feed on fish, insects, and crustaceans.


Kingfishers are a diverse group of birds known for their stunning colors, unique beaks, and remarkable fishing abilities. From the vibrant Common Kingfisher to the striking Belted Kingfisher and the majestic Stork-billed Kingfisher, each species possesses its own distinctive features and adaptations. Whether found near rivers, lakes, or coastal regions, kingfishers bring beauty and a touch of excitement to their habitats as they dive and catch fish with precision and agility.