Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of Kale

Types of Kale

Kale is a leafy green vegetable that belongs to the Brassica oleracea species, which also includes vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts. It is highly nutritious and packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. While there are several varieties of kale, here are some common types:

1. Curly Kale

Curly kale, also known as Scots kale or green curly kale, is the most widely recognized and commonly available type. It has curly, ruffled leaves with a vibrant green color. Curly kale has a slightly bitter taste and a firm texture. It is often used in salads, sautés, soups, and smoothies.

2. Lacinato Kale

Lacinato kale, also called dinosaur kale, Tuscan kale, or cavolo nero, is characterized by its long, dark green, wrinkled leaves. It has a more tender texture compared to curly kale and a slightly sweeter flavor. Lacinato kale is popular in Italian cuisine and is often used in dishes like soups, stews, pasta, and braised greens.

3. Red Russian Kale

Red Russian kale has flat, broad leaves with a reddish-purple tint. It features a milder flavor compared to other kale varieties, with a slight hint of sweetness. Red Russian kale is often used in salads, stir-fries, sautés, and as a garnish for its attractive color and tender leaves.

4. Siberian Kale

Siberian kale, also known as Russian kale, is similar to Red Russian kale in appearance but has a slightly different flavor. It has broader leaves that are grayish-green with purple veins. Siberian kale has a milder taste and a more tender texture compared to other kale varieties. It can be used in salads, cooked dishes, or as a substitute for spinach in recipes.

5. Chinese Kale

Chinese kale, also called Chinese broccoli or Gai Lan, is a variety of kale with thick, glossy, blue-green leaves and thick stems. It is commonly used in Chinese and Asian cuisines and has a slightly bitter and earthy flavor. Chinese kale is often stir-fried, steamed, or blanched and served as a side dish or in noodle and rice dishes.

6. Ornamental Kale

Ornamental kale, also known as flowering kale, is primarily grown for its aesthetic appeal rather than culinary use. It features brightly colored leaves in shades of pink, purple, white, and green. Ornamental kale is often used in decorative garden displays, floral arrangements, or as an edible garnish.


Kale comes in various types, each with its own distinct appearance, taste, and culinary uses. Whether it’s the curly leaves of curly kale, the long and wrinkled leaves of Lacinato kale, or the colorful foliage of ornamental kale, incorporating different types of kale into your diet can provide a range of flavors, textures, and nutritional benefits.