The Complete Guide to the Different Types of Jiu Jitsu

Types of Jiu-Jitsu

Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art and combat sport that originated in Japan and later developed into different styles and variations. Here are some common types of Jiu-Jitsu:

1. Japanese Jiu-Jitsu (Traditional Jiu-Jitsu)

Japanese Jiu-Jitsu, also known as traditional Jiu-Jitsu or Nihon Jiu-Jitsu, is the original form of Jiu-Jitsu that originated in Japan centuries ago. It focuses on self-defense techniques, including strikes, joint locks, throws, and immobilization techniques. Traditional Japanese Jiu-Jitsu encompasses a broad range of techniques and principles for close combat situations.

2. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ)

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art and combat sport that evolved from Japanese Jiu-Jitsu. It emphasizes ground fighting and submission holds, allowing a smaller and weaker opponent to overcome a larger and stronger adversary through proper technique and leverage. BJJ practitioners aim to control their opponents on the ground, seeking submissions such as chokes, joint locks, and immobilizations.

3. Gracie Jiu-Jitsu

Gracie Jiu-Jitsu, also known as Gracie Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, is a specific branch of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu that was popularized by the Gracie family in Brazil. It focuses on self-defense and emphasizes practical techniques for real-life situations. Gracie Jiu-Jitsu incorporates elements of both standing and ground fighting, with an emphasis on effective self-defense strategies.

4. No-Gi Jiu-Jitsu

No-Gi Jiu-Jitsu, also called Submission Grappling, is a form of Jiu-Jitsu that is practiced without the traditional uniform (gi). It involves grappling techniques and submissions performed without the added grips and controls provided by the gi. No-Gi Jiu-Jitsu places greater emphasis on controlling and submitting opponents through body positioning and movement.

5. Judo/Jiu-Jitsu Hybrid

Some styles combine elements of Judo and Jiu-Jitsu, creating a hybrid system. Judo is a Japanese martial art that focuses on throws and takedowns, while Jiu-Jitsu emphasizes ground fighting and submissions. The combination of these two arts can provide a well-rounded approach to both standing and ground techniques, incorporating throws, joint locks, chokes, and ground control.

6. Sambo

Sambo is a Russian martial art that incorporates elements of Judo, Jiu-Jitsu, and wrestling. It originated as a combat sport for the Soviet Red Army and later developed into a competitive martial art. Sambo emphasizes throws, takedowns, and ground fighting, utilizing techniques from various grappling styles.


These are some common types of Jiu-Jitsu, each with its own focus and techniques. Whether you are interested in traditional Japanese Jiu-Jitsu, ground-focused Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, self-defense-oriented Gracie Jiu-Jitsu, no-gi grappling, or a hybrid approach, Jiu-Jitsu offers a diverse range of styles to suit different preferences and training goals.