A Guide to Japan’s Breeds of Cows: Uncovering the Types of Japanese Cows

Japan is known for several native cattle breeds that are highly regarded for their meat quality. Here are some of the prominent Japanese cattle breeds:

1. Wagyu

Wagyu is one of the most famous and prized cattle breeds in Japan. It is known for its exceptional marbling, tenderness, and rich flavor. The two most well-known Wagyu breeds are:
– Japanese Black (Kuroge Washu): This breed accounts for the majority of Wagyu cattle in Japan and is highly valued for its marbled meat.
– Japanese Brown (Akage Washu): This breed is less common than Japanese Black but still produces high-quality beef.

2. Japanese Shorthorn

The Japanese Shorthorn is a breed of cattle primarily found in the Tohoku region of Japan. It is known for its beef production and is often crossed with Wagyu cattle to improve meat quality.

3. Japanese Polled

The Japanese Polled, or “Mukaku Washu,” is a breed of cattle native to Japan. It is recognized for its polled (hornless) characteristic and is used for both beef and milk production.

4. Japanese Brown

Japanese Brown, or “Akage Washu,” is a dual-purpose breed known for both its milk and meat production. It is mainly found in the northern region of Japan and is valued for its adaptability and strong constitution.

These are just a few examples of the cattle breeds in Japan. The Wagyu breed, with its subtypes like Japanese Black and Japanese Brown, is particularly renowned worldwide for its highly marbled and flavorful beef.