Your Guide to Different Types of Implant Dentures

Implant-supported dentures, also known as implant dentures or overdentures, are a type of dental prosthesis that combines dental implants with removable dentures. They offer improved stability, functionality, and aesthetics compared to traditional removable dentures. Here are some common types of implant dentures:

1. Bar-Retained Implant Dentures

Bar-retained implant dentures consist of a custom-designed metal bar that is attached to dental implants placed in the jawbone. The denture has clips or attachments that connect to the bar, providing stability and support. The bar helps distribute the biting forces evenly and minimizes movement of the denture.

2. Ball-Retained (Locator) Implant Dentures

Ball-retained implant dentures, also known as locator implant dentures, utilize a system of metal attachments that connect the denture to dental implants. The denture has metal housings with rubber gaskets (locators), which snap onto corresponding attachments on the implants. This type of attachment allows for a secure fit while still allowing some movement for natural chewing and speaking.

3. All-on-4 Implant Dentures

All-on-4 implant dentures provide a fixed and full-arch prosthesis supported by just four dental implants per arch. The implants are strategically placed to maximize stability and support. This option is suitable for patients who require full-arch restoration and may not have sufficient bone density for a larger number of implants.

4. All-on-6 Implant Dentures

Similar to All-on-4, All-on-6 implant dentures use six dental implants to support a full-arch prosthesis. This approach offers additional stability and support, particularly for patients with a greater need for bite force or those with compromised bone density.

5. Implant-Supported Snap-In Dentures

Implant-supported snap-in dentures utilize a combination of dental implants and attachments to secure the denture in place. The denture has special attachments, such as ball or locator attachments, which connect to the implants. This allows for easy removal and cleaning of the denture while providing a secure fit during regular use.

The specific type of implant denture recommended for an individual will depend on factors such as the patient’s oral health, bone density, and aesthetic preferences. It’s essential to consult with a dental professional to determine the most suitable option and receive personalized treatment planning.