Discover Ohio’s Hummingbirds: A Guide to Types of Hummingbirds in the Buckeye State

Ohio is located within the range of several hummingbird species, especially during their migration seasons. While Ohio is not known for having resident hummingbird species, it serves as a stopover or breeding ground for some species during their migration. Here are some hummingbird species that may be spotted in Ohio:

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris):

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the most common hummingbird species in Ohio. These birds are migratory and can be observed in the state during the spring and summer months. Adult males have a vibrant ruby-red throat, while females have a white throat and green plumage.

2. Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus):

Rufous Hummingbirds are occasional visitors to Ohio during migration. They breed in western North America and undertake long-distance migrations. Adult males have reddish-orange plumage, while females and juveniles have greenish-brown plumage.

3. Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri):

Black-chinned Hummingbirds are rare visitors to Ohio. They are primarily found in the western United States but may occasionally appear in Ohio during migration. Adult males have a black throat with a metallic purple band, while females and juveniles have pale underparts and greenish plumage.

4. Calliope Hummingbird (Selasphorus calliope):

The Calliope Hummingbird is a rare visitor to Ohio. It is the smallest bird species in North America. Adult males have greenish-bronze plumage with a distinctive magenta throat streak. Females and juveniles have greenish plumage with a pale throat.

It’s important to note that hummingbird sightings in Ohio can be sporadic and dependent on factors such as weather, availability of nectar sources, and the timing of migration. Creating a hummingbird-friendly habitat with nectar-rich flowers and providing feeders with sugar water can increase the likelihood of attracting these beautiful birds to your area during their migration periods.