Discover Minnesota’s Hummingbirds: Types and Tips for Spotting Them

Minnesota is home to a few species of hummingbirds, including both resident species and those that pass through during migration. While the state’s northern location limits the number of hummingbird species that can be found, there are still opportunities to observe these fascinating birds. Here are some hummingbird species that may be spotted in Minnesota:

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris):

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the most common hummingbird species in Minnesota. These birds are migratory and can be seen in the state during the spring and summer months. Adult males have a vibrant ruby-red throat, while females have a white throat and green plumage.

2. Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus):

Rufous Hummingbirds are occasional visitors to Minnesota during migration. They breed in western North America and undertake long-distance migrations. Adult males have reddish-orange plumage, while females and juveniles have greenish-brown plumage.

3. Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus):

Broad-tailed Hummingbirds are rare visitors to Minnesota. They primarily breed in mountainous regions of western North America. Adult males have greenish-bronze plumage with a vibrant rose-red throat and a metallic buzz sound produced by their wings. Females have greenish plumage and lack the bright throat coloration.

While these are the most commonly observed hummingbird species in Minnesota, it’s worth noting that hummingbird sightings can be sporadic and dependent on factors such as weather conditions, availability of nectar sources, and the timing of migration. Creating a hummingbird-friendly habitat with nectar-rich flowers and providing feeders with sugar water can increase the chances of attracting and observing hummingbirds in your area during their migration periods.