Types of Hornets: The Buzz on Identifying and Safely Dealing With Them

Hornets are a type of wasp belonging to the genus Vespa. They are known for their large size, aggressive behavior, and powerful stings. Here are some common types of hornets:

1. Asian Giant Hornet (Vespa mandarinia):

The Asian giant hornet, also known as the “killer hornet,” is the largest species of hornet. It is native to parts of Asia, particularly in Japan, Korea, and China. These hornets have distinctive yellow-orange heads, dark abdomens with brown or black markings, and can reach sizes of up to 2 inches (5 centimeters) in length. They are known for their aggressive behavior and potent sting.

2. European Hornet (Vespa crabro):

The European hornet is a species of hornet found in Europe, Asia, and parts of North America. They have a reddish-brown or yellow-brown coloration with yellow markings on the abdomen. European hornets are relatively large, with workers reaching about 1-1.5 inches (2.5-3.8 centimeters) in length. They build paper-like nests in tree cavities, buildings, or underground, and can be aggressive when their nests are disturbed.

3. Bald-faced Hornet (Dolichovespula maculata):

Despite its name, the bald-faced hornet is not a true hornet but rather a type of yellow jacket wasp. It is found in North America and is known for its distinct black and white coloration. These hornets construct large paper nests, usually high in trees, and can become defensive if their nests are disturbed.

4. Japanese Giant Hornet (Vespa mandarinia japonica):

The Japanese giant hornet is a subspecies of the Asian giant hornet. It is native to Japan and other parts of Asia. These hornets are similar in appearance to Asian giant hornets, with large sizes and aggressive behavior. They are known for their powerful venomous sting and are considered a significant threat to honeybee populations.

These are some notable types of hornets. It’s important to exercise caution and avoid disturbing hornet nests, as hornets can be aggressive and deliver painful stings when they feel threatened. If you encounter a hornet nest or experience repeated hornet activity in your vicinity, it is advisable to seek professional assistance for safe removal or control methods.