A Beginner’s Guide to Hemostats: Different Types and Their Uses

Hemostats, also known as hemostatic forceps or arterial forceps, are surgical instruments used to control bleeding during surgical procedures or other medical interventions. They come in various shapes, sizes, and designs to accommodate different needs. Here are some common types of hemostats:

1. Kelly Hemostat:

The Kelly hemostat is a commonly used type of hemostat with a straight design and serrated jaws. It features a ratchet lock mechanism that allows the jaws to remain locked in place once the desired clamping pressure is achieved. Kelly hemostats are available in various lengths, with shorter lengths used for delicate procedures and longer lengths for general surgical purposes.

2. Crile Hemostat:

Crile hemostats are similar in design to Kelly hemostats but have a shorter jaw length and a finer serration pattern. They are often used for delicate procedures and in areas with smaller blood vessels.

3. Mosquito Hemostat:

Mosquito hemostats, also known as mosquito forceps, are small-sized hemostats with delicate jaws and fine serrations. They are ideal for clamping small blood vessels or delicate tissues. Mosquito hemostats are commonly used in ophthalmic, plastic, and microsurgery procedures.

4. Rochester-Pean Hemostat:

The Rochester-Pean hemostat is a robust instrument with a straight or curved design and longitudinal serrations on the jaws. It is designed for clamping larger blood vessels or for applications requiring a stronger grip. Rochester-Pean hemostats are often used in general surgery.

5. Hemoclip Applier:

Hemoclip appliers are specialized hemostatic instruments used to apply metal clips or clamps to occlude blood vessels or secure bleeding tissues. They provide a non-absorbable and permanent means of hemostasis.

6. Hemostatic Pliers:

Hemostatic pliers, also known as needle holders, are versatile instruments that can be used for both suturing and hemostasis. They feature a robust grip and a locking mechanism to securely hold needles or to clamp and control bleeding.

These are just a few examples of commonly used hemostats. Other specialized hemostatic instruments may exist for specific surgical or medical procedures. It’s important to note that the selection of a specific type of hemostat depends on the nature of the procedure, the size of the blood vessels, and the surgeon’s preference and expertise.