The Different Types of Handgun Ammo: What You Need to Know

There are numerous types of handgun ammunition available, each designed for specific purposes and applications. Here are some common types of handgun ammo:

1. Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) Ammo:

FMJ ammo features a soft lead core encased in a harder metal jacket, typically made of copper or brass. It is designed for target shooting, training, and general plinking. FMJ ammo tends to penetrate well and has minimal expansion upon impact.

2. Hollow Point (HP) Ammo:

HP ammo has a hollowed-out or cavity tip, which is intended to expand upon impact, creating a larger wound channel. This expansion helps to transfer energy to the target and increase stopping power. Hollow point ammo is commonly used for self-defense purposes.

3. Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) Ammo:

JHP ammo combines the penetration of a full metal jacket bullet with the expansion of a hollow point bullet. It has a lead core enclosed by a metal jacket with a hollowed-out tip. JHP ammo is popular for self-defense as it offers reliable expansion and enhanced stopping power.

4. Soft Point (SP) Ammo:

SP ammo features a lead-tipped bullet with an exposed lead tip. It is designed for hunting applications, as the exposed lead tip facilitates controlled expansion upon impact, maximizing energy transfer and increasing the likelihood of a quick, clean kill.

5. Lead Round Nose (LRN) Ammo:

LRN ammo has a rounded nose and a lead bullet with no jacket. It is commonly used in revolvers and older firearms and is suitable for target shooting and general plinking. LRN ammo tends to be affordable and offers reliable accuracy.

6. Frangible Ammo:

Frangible ammo is designed to break apart upon impact, reducing the risk of over-penetration and minimizing the chance of collateral damage. It is commonly used in close-quarters training, steel target shooting, and situations where ricochets are a concern.

7. +P and +P+ Ammo:

+P and +P+ ammo are loaded to higher pressures and velocities than standard ammunition. They offer increased muzzle velocity and energy, resulting in greater stopping power. However, they may generate more recoil and wear on the firearm, so it’s important to ensure your firearm is rated for these higher-pressure loads.

It’s essential to check your firearm’s manual and consult local laws and regulations to determine the appropriate ammunition for your specific handgun. Additionally, proper training, safe handling, and adherence to local laws and regulations are crucial when using any type of ammunition.