Unlocking the Secrets of Gorillas: A Guide to Types and Habits

There are two species of gorillas, each with distinct subspecies. Here are the types of gorillas:

1. Eastern Gorillas (Gorilla beringei)

Eastern gorillas are native to the forests of Central Africa. There are two subspecies of eastern gorillas:

– Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei): Mountain gorillas are found in the Virunga Massif, which spans the border of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. They also inhabit the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda. Mountain gorillas are critically endangered, with a population of fewer than 1,000 individuals.

– Eastern Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla beringei graueri): Eastern lowland gorillas, also known as Grauer’s gorillas, inhabit the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. They are the largest subspecies of gorillas but are classified as endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, and civil unrest in their range.

2. Western Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla)

Western gorillas are native to the forests of Western and Central Africa. There are two subspecies of western gorillas:

– Western Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): Western lowland gorillas are the most numerous and widespread gorilla subspecies. They inhabit the dense forests of several countries, including Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. Although still considered vulnerable, they have a more stable population compared to other gorilla species.

– Cross River Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli): Cross River gorillas are the rarest and most endangered gorilla subspecies. They are found in the border region between Nigeria and Cameroon. The population of Cross River gorillas is estimated to be fewer than 300 individuals, making them critically endangered.

These different types of gorillas play vital roles in their ecosystems and face various threats, including habitat loss, poaching, and disease. Efforts are being made to protect and conserve these remarkable primates and their habitats to ensure their survival in the wild.