Get Rid of Annoying Gnats: Types and How to Get Rid Of Them

Gnats are small flying insects that belong to the family of flies called “Mycetophilidae.” They are commonly found in damp or moist areas and are known for their annoying presence. Here are some common types of gnats:

1. Fungus Gnats

Fungus gnats are small, dark-colored gnats that are commonly found around houseplants and in damp soil. They are attracted to decaying organic matter and are often seen near overwatered or poorly drained potted plants. Fungus gnats can be a nuisance in indoor environments.

2. Fruit Flies

Fruit flies, also known as vinegar flies, are small gnats that are attracted to ripening or decaying fruits and vegetables. They have a short lifespan but can reproduce rapidly, leading to infestations in kitchens, grocery stores, and other areas with food sources. Fruit flies are often seen hovering around rotting produce or sugary substances.

3. Eye Gnats

Eye gnats, also called eye flies or grass flies, are tiny gnats that are attracted to moisture and secretions around the eyes, nose, and mouth of humans and animals. They can be a nuisance to both humans and livestock, as they may cause irritation and annoyance when they land on sensitive areas.

4. Sand Gnats

Sand gnats, also known as sand flies or no-see-ums, are tiny biting gnats that are commonly found in coastal areas or near bodies of water. They are most active during dusk and dawn and can leave itchy bites on exposed skin. Sand gnats are known for their small size, making them difficult to see.

5. Buffalo Gnats

Buffalo gnats, also called black flies or turkey gnats, are small, blood-sucking insects that are found near rivers, streams, and other bodies of water. They are known for their painful bites and can be a nuisance to humans and livestock. Buffalo gnats are most active during the daytime and are attracted to carbon dioxide and dark-colored clothing.

6. Hessian Flies

Hessian flies are small gnats that are primarily pests of cereal crops, particularly wheat. The larvae of Hessian flies feed on wheat plants, causing damage to the crops. They are a significant agricultural pest in certain regions and can impact crop yields.

These are just a few examples of the many types of gnats. It’s important to note that proper identification of gnats is often challenging due to their small size and similar appearance. Additionally, some terms may vary regionally or in different contexts. If you are experiencing issues with gnats, it may be helpful to consult with a pest control professional or an entomologist for proper identification and appropriate control measures.