Georgia’s Frogs: A Guide to Identifying the Different Types

Georgia is home to a diverse array of frog species, thanks to its varied habitats ranging from coastal areas to mountains and everything in between. Here are some common types of frogs found in Georgia:

1. American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus)

The American bullfrog is one of the largest frog species in Georgia. It has a deep, resonant croak and is known for its green or brown coloration with dark blotches. American bullfrogs are typically found near freshwater habitats such as ponds, lakes, and slow-moving streams.

2. Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus)

The southern leopard frog is a medium-sized frog species found in a variety of habitats throughout Georgia, including wetlands, marshes, and ponds. It has a brown or green coloration with distinct dark spots. Southern leopard frogs have a chuckle-like call and can be found near water bodies.

3. Green Treefrog (Hyla cinerea)

Green treefrogs are small to medium-sized frogs known for their bright green coloration, which helps them blend in among vegetation. They are commonly found near bodies of water, such as ponds, swamps, and marshes. Green treefrogs have a distinctive call that sounds like a soft “quank.”

4. Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris)

The pickerel frog is a medium-sized frog species with a distinct pattern of rectangular spots on its back. It has a brown or green coloration and is commonly found near streams, ponds, and wetlands in Georgia. Pickerel frogs have a low-pitched, snore-like call.

5. Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis)

The eastern narrow-mouthed toad is a small, secretive toad species found in Georgia’s sandy habitats, including pine forests and coastal areas. It has a compact body and a narrow mouth. Eastern narrow-mouthed toads have a distinctive high-pitched, nasal-like call.

6. Pine Woods Treefrog (Hyla femoralis)

The pine woods treefrog is a small to medium-sized frog species found in Georgia’s pine forests and sandy habitats. It has a mottled brown or gray coloration, providing effective camouflage. Pine woods treefrogs have a unique call that sounds like a series of high-pitched trills.

These are just a few examples of the frog species you may encounter in Georgia. The state offers a diverse range of habitats, and exploring wetlands, forests, and other natural areas can provide opportunities to observe and appreciate the fascinating frogs that call Georgia home.