Foundation Repair 101: Understanding the Different Types of Foundation Repairs

When it comes to foundation repair, there are several methods and techniques available depending on the specific issues and conditions of the foundation. Here are some common types of foundation repair:

1. Foundation Underpinning

Foundation underpinning involves strengthening and stabilizing the foundation by extending its depth or breadth. This can be done through various methods such as helical piers, steel push piers, or micropiles. Underpinning is commonly used for foundations experiencing settlement or instability.

2. Foundation Piering

Foundation piering, also known as pier and beam repair, involves installing concrete or steel piers beneath the foundation to provide additional support. This method is often used for foundations that have settled or experienced structural damage.

3. Slabjacking

Slabjacking, also called mudjacking, is a technique used to lift and level sunken concrete slabs. It involves pumping a mixture of grout or polyurethane foam beneath the sunken slab to raise it back to its original position. Slabjacking is commonly used for concrete slab foundations.

4. Basement Wall Stabilization

Basement wall stabilization methods are employed to reinforce and stabilize bowing or cracking basement walls. This can be achieved through techniques such as wall anchors, carbon fiber straps, or wall bracing. These methods help prevent further movement or deterioration of the basement walls.

5. Waterproofing

Waterproofing is not a direct repair method for foundation issues but is often a necessary step to prevent future damage. It involves installing drainage systems, sealants, or coatings to protect the foundation from water intrusion and moisture-related problems.

6. Crawl Space Repair

Crawl space repair involves addressing issues specific to crawl spaces, such as moisture problems, mold growth, or structural issues. Repair methods may include encapsulation, ventilation improvements, or adding supports to reinforce the floor joists.

It’s important to note that the choice of foundation repair method depends on various factors, including the type and severity of the foundation issue, the soil conditions, the structure’s design, and local building regulations. Consulting with a professional foundation repair contractor is recommended to assess the specific needs of your foundation and determine the most appropriate repair solution.