Everything You Need to Know About Types of Forklifts

Forklifts are essential machines used in various industries for lifting and transporting heavy loads. They come in different types, each designed for specific applications and environments. Here are some common types of forklifts:

1. Counterbalance Forklift

Counterbalance forklifts are the most common type of forklifts used in warehouses, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities. They have a weight at the rear of the vehicle to counterbalance the weight of the load being lifted, eliminating the need for additional stabilization. Counterbalance forklifts come in electric, diesel, or gas-powered variants.

2. Reach Forklift

Reach forklifts are designed for narrow aisle operations and have extending forks that can reach into racking systems. They feature a telescoping mechanism that allows the forks to extend forward, enabling operators to pick up and place loads on high shelves with ease. Reach forklifts are commonly used in warehouses with high stacking requirements.

3. Order Picker

Order pickers, also known as stock pickers or cherry pickers, are specialized forklifts used primarily in order fulfillment and inventory management. They have an elevated platform that allows operators to reach individual items on shelves, making them ideal for piece picking or order assembly in warehouses and distribution centers.

4. Pallet Jack

Pallet jacks, also called pallet trucks or pump trucks, are manual or electric-powered vehicles used for moving palletized loads. They are designed for short-distance transport on flat surfaces, typically within a warehouse or retail environment. Pallet jacks are commonly used to load and unload trucks, stack pallets, and move goods around a facility.

5. Rough Terrain Forklift

Rough terrain forklifts are designed for outdoor use on uneven surfaces or rough terrains. They are equipped with large, rugged tires and a higher ground clearance to navigate through challenging environments such as construction sites, lumber yards, or agricultural settings. Rough terrain forklifts can handle heavy loads in demanding outdoor conditions.

6. Articulated Forklift

Articulated forklifts, also known as flexi forklifts, are specialized forklifts designed for narrow aisles and tight spaces. They feature a unique articulated chassis that allows the forklift to maneuver in narrow areas with ease. Articulated forklifts are commonly used in warehouses and distribution centers where space optimization is crucial.

These are just a few examples of forklift types commonly used in different industries. Each type serves specific purposes and offers various features to meet the unique requirements of different applications. It’s important to select the right type of forklift based on the operational needs, load capacity, environment, and safety considerations.