Explore the Big Apple: Types of Flies in New York City

Types of Flies in New York

New York is home to various fly species, including those belonging to different families and exhibiting diverse characteristics. Flies are winged insects known for their ability to hover or fly quickly. While some flies serve beneficial roles in the ecosystem, such as pollination and decomposition, others can be nuisance pests. Here are some common types of flies found in New York:

1. House Fly (Musca domestica)

House flies are one of the most common fly species found worldwide, including in New York. They have a grayish appearance with four dark stripes on their thorax. House flies are known for their ability to breed rapidly in decaying organic matter and can be found in and around homes, livestock areas, and garbage bins.

2. Fruit Fly (Drosophila spp.)

Fruit flies are small flies with a yellow-brown body and red eyes. They are attracted to ripe or decaying fruits and vegetables, making them a common annoyance in kitchens, grocery stores, and outdoor areas with fruit trees. Fruit flies can quickly infest produce and reproduce rapidly.

3. Cluster Fly (Pollenia spp.)

Cluster flies are larger flies that typically have a grayish or olive-brown color. They are called “cluster flies” because they tend to gather in large groups, especially in buildings during the colder months. Cluster flies seek shelter in attics, walls, and other protected areas, often emerging on warmer days.

4. Stable Fly (Stomoxys calcitrans)

Stable flies resemble house flies but have a distinct piercing mouthpart that they use to feed on the blood of mammals, including humans and livestock. They are common pests in agricultural areas, stables, and areas with livestock. Stable flies can deliver painful bites, causing discomfort and potential transmission of diseases.

5. Horse Fly (Tabanidae family)

Horse flies are large, robust flies known for their painful bites. They have a stout body, large eyes, and powerful mouthparts used for blood-feeding. Horse flies are often found near bodies of water, woodlands, or open fields. While they primarily target livestock and horses, they can also bite humans, causing irritation and allergic reactions.

6. Deer Fly (Chrysops spp.)

Deer flies are similar to horse flies and are known for their painful bites. They are typically dark-colored with patterned wings and are commonly found near wooded areas or water sources. Deer flies primarily bite mammals, including deer, but can also bite humans, causing swelling, itching, and discomfort.

These are just a few examples of fly species commonly found in New York. It’s important to note that the fly population and species composition may vary depending on the specific region and environmental conditions. Understanding the types of flies present in your area can help with identification, prevention, and appropriate pest control measures if needed.