Exploring the Waters of Iceland: A Guide to the Types of Fish Found in Icelandic Rivers

Types of Fish in Iceland

Iceland, with its abundant cold-water habitats and rich marine resources, offers a wide variety of fish species for both commercial and recreational fishing. Here are some common types of fish you can find in Icelandic waters:

Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua)

Atlantic cod is one of the most important fish species in Icelandic waters. It is highly valued for its flaky white flesh and is a staple of Icelandic cuisine. Cod can be found in both coastal and offshore areas around Iceland.

Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)

Haddock is another popular fish species found in Icelandic waters. It closely resembles cod and has a similar mild and slightly sweet flavor. Haddock is often used in traditional Icelandic dishes and is a favorite among anglers.

Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus)

Arctic char is a cold-water fish species that is native to Iceland. It is highly prized for its delicate and flavorful flesh, which ranges from pink to red. Arctic char can be found in lakes, rivers, and coastal areas of Iceland.

Salmon (Salmo salar)

Salmon is a migratory fish species that returns to Icelandic rivers and streams to spawn. It is highly valued for its rich and oily flesh. Salmon fishing in Iceland is a popular activity, with anglers seeking both Atlantic salmon and sea-run brown trout.

Trout (Salmo trutta)

Trout is another prominent fish species in Iceland. It includes both brown trout and sea-run brown trout, locally known as “seatrout.” These fish can be found in rivers, lakes, and coastal areas throughout Iceland.

Pollock (Pollachius pollachius)

Pollock, also known as coalfish, is a common fish species found in Icelandic waters. It has white flesh with a mild and slightly sweet flavor. Pollock is often used in various culinary preparations, including smoking and frying.

Redfish (Sebastes spp.)

Redfish, also known as ocean perch or rosefish, are deep-sea fish species found in Icelandic waters. They have vibrant red skin and firm, flavorful flesh. Redfish are often caught using bottom fishing techniques.

These are just a few examples of the fish species you can encounter in Icelandic waters. Iceland’s pristine environment and sustainable fishing practices contribute to the high quality of its seafood. When fishing in Iceland, it’s essential to adhere to local regulations and practice responsible angling to help preserve the country’s remarkable aquatic resources.