Exploring New York’s Waterways: A Guide to the Different Types of Ducks in NY

Types of Ducks in New York

New York is home to a variety of duck species, both resident and migratory, that can be found in its lakes, ponds, rivers, and coastal areas. Here are some common types of ducks you may encounter in New York:

1. Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

The Mallard is the most common and widely recognized duck species found in New York. Males have a distinctive green head, yellow bill, and gray body. Females are mottled brown in color. Mallards can be found in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, lakes, and urban parks.

2. Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

The Wood Duck is a colorful and sought-after duck species found in New York. Males have a striking combination of iridescent green, purple, and white plumage, along with a distinctive red eye and a crest on their head. Females are less colorful, with a mottled brown appearance. Wood Ducks inhabit wooded wetlands and forested areas near water.

3. American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)

The American Black Duck is a native duck species that can be found in New York throughout the year. Both males and females have a dark brown body with a lighter brown head. American Black Ducks prefer shallow freshwater marshes, estuaries, and coastal areas.

4. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

The Northern Pintail is a migratory duck species that visits New York during the winter months. Males have a long, slender neck, a pointed tail, and a brownish body with gray and white markings. Females have a mottled brown appearance. Pintails can be seen in various wetland habitats, including marshes, ponds, and estuaries.

5. Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)

The Green-winged Teal is a small and highly migratory duck species that passes through New York during its migration. Males have a brownish body with a distinctive green patch on their wings. Females have a mottled brown appearance. Green-winged Teals are often found in shallow wetlands, marshes, and flooded fields.

6. Gadwall (Mareca strepera)

The Gadwall is a medium-sized duck species that can be found in New York, especially during the winter months. Males have a gray body with a distinctive black rear end and a white wing patch. Females have a mottled brown appearance. Gadwalls prefer freshwater habitats such as lakes, ponds, and marshes.

These are just a few examples of the many duck species that can be found in New York. Exploring the state’s diverse waterways and wetlands can provide opportunities to observe these beautiful birds in their natural habitats.