Uncovering Arizona’s Dove Species: A Guide to Types of Doves in the Grand Canyon State

Types of Doves in Arizona

Arizona is home to a diverse range of bird species, including several types of doves. These doves can be found in various habitats across the state, from deserts to forests and urban areas. Here are some common types of doves you can find in Arizona:

1. Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

The Mourning Dove is one of the most widespread and abundant dove species in Arizona. They have a pale gray-brown plumage with a slender body and a long, pointed tail. Mourning Doves are known for their soft, mournful cooing sounds and can be found in various habitats, including deserts, grasslands, and residential areas.

2. White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)

White-winged Doves are commonly found in Arizona, particularly in the southern parts of the state. They are slightly larger than Mourning Doves and have a gray-brown body with distinctive white patches on their wings. White-winged Doves are known for their unique cooing sounds and are often seen in urban and suburban areas, as well as desert oases.

3. Inca Dove (Columbina inca)

Inca Doves are small, pale gray doves with a scaly appearance on their wings and back. They have a distinctive tail with white edges that form a V-shaped pattern when spread. Inca Doves are known for their soft, rolling cooing sounds and can be found in various habitats, including deserts, open woodlands, and agricultural areas.

4. Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina)

Common Ground-Doves are small doves with a plump body, a short tail, and a brownish-gray coloration. They have a distinctive scaled pattern on their wings and back. Common Ground-Doves are known for their low, mournful cooing sounds and can often be found in grasslands, open areas, and agricultural fields.

5. Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

Although not native to Arizona, Rock Pigeons, also known as “city pigeons,” can be found throughout the state, especially in urban areas. They have a gray body with a characteristic iridescent neck and wing feathers. Rock Pigeons are highly adaptable and can be seen in cities, parks, and buildings.

These are just a few examples of the doves you can find in Arizona. The presence of different dove species may vary depending on the specific region and habitat characteristics.