Everything You Need to Know About the Different Types of Cyclamen

Cyclamen is a genus of flowering plants that belong to the family Primulaceae. They are known for their attractive flowers and unique foliage. Here are some common types of cyclamen:

1. Cyclamen persicum

Cyclamen persicum, also known as florist’s cyclamen or Persian cyclamen, is one of the most popular species cultivated for ornamental purposes. It features heart-shaped leaves with intricate patterns and produces delicate, colorful flowers with swept-back petals. Cyclamen persicum is available in various flower colors, including shades of white, pink, red, and purple.

2. Cyclamen hederifolium

Cyclamen hederifolium, commonly known as ivy-leaved cyclamen or Neapolitan cyclamen, is native to Mediterranean regions. It has distinctive ivy-shaped leaves with silver markings and produces small, fragrant flowers in shades of pink or white. Cyclamen hederifolium is particularly valued for its ability to thrive in shady areas and naturalize in woodland gardens.

3. Cyclamen coum

Cyclamen coum is another species native to Mediterranean regions. It is a compact cyclamen with rounded, dark green leaves that often have silver markings. The flowers of Cyclamen coum appear in late winter to early spring and come in shades of pink or magenta. This species is known for its cold tolerance and is suitable for rock gardens or woodland settings.

4. Cyclamen purpurascens

Cyclamen purpurascens is a species found in alpine regions of Europe. It features deeply lobed leaves and produces fragrant flowers in shades of pink, lavender, or white. Cyclamen purpurascens is a cold-hardy species that blooms in late summer or early autumn, making it a unique addition to the garden.

5. Cyclamen graecum

Cyclamen graecum is native to Greece and the Aegean islands. It has intricately patterned, heart-shaped leaves with silver markings. The flowers of Cyclamen graecum appear in spring and are usually shades of pink, often with dark centers. This species prefers cool, shady conditions and is well-suited for rock gardens or woodland settings.

These are just a few examples of the different types of cyclamen. Each type offers unique characteristics, including variations in leaf shape, color patterns, and flower colors. Cyclamen plants are popular choices for indoor or outdoor gardens, providing beautiful blooms and foliage during the cooler months of the year.