Common Types of Corns on Feet: What to Look Out For

Types of Corns on Feet

Corns are areas of thickened skin that develop on the feet as a result of excessive pressure or friction. They typically form on the toes or soles of the feet and can cause discomfort or pain. Here are some common types of corns:

1. Hard Corns (Heloma Durum)

Hard corns are the most common type of corns. They appear as small, round, and well-defined patches of thickened skin with a hard center. Hard corns usually form on the tops, sides, or tips of the toes, where there is repeated pressure or friction from ill-fitting shoes, abnormal foot mechanics, or bony prominences.

2. Soft Corns (Heloma Molle)

Soft corns are similar to hard corns but have a softer texture. They are typically found between the toes, where the skin is moist and prone to maceration. Soft corns may appear whitish or grayish and are often tender due to the increased moisture between the toes.

3. Seed Corns

Seed corns are tiny, superficial corns that tend to occur on the sole of the foot. They are characterized by their small size and are often painful when pressure is applied. Seed corns are usually caused by dry skin, friction, or repetitive trauma.

4. Vascular Corns (Neurovascular Heloma)

Vascular corns, also known as neurovascular heloma, are corns that develop in areas where blood vessels or nerves are compressed. These corns may have a distinct appearance, with a central core surrounded by a ring of inflamed tissue. Vascular corns can be particularly painful and may require medical attention.

5. Fibrous Corns (Fibrovascular Heloma)

Fibrous corns, or fibrovascular heloma, are corns that have a hard core surrounded by a thick ring of fibrous tissue. These corns often form on weight-bearing areas of the foot, such as the ball or heel. Fibrous corns can cause significant discomfort and may require professional treatment.

6. Heloma Milliare

Heloma milliare is a type of corn characterized by multiple, tiny corns in a localized area. They can resemble a rash or cluster of small blisters. Heloma milliare is commonly caused by excessive sweating or friction, and they typically occur on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet.

It’s important to note that corns can be prevented or managed by wearing properly fitted shoes, using protective padding, practicing good foot hygiene, and seeking professional help if necessary. If you have persistent or painful corns, it’s recommended to consult a podiatrist or healthcare professional for appropriate diagnosis and treatment.