The Essential Guide to Different Types of Commercial Trucks

Types of Commercial Trucks

Commercial trucks are versatile vehicles used for transporting goods and materials over short or long distances. They come in various sizes, configurations, and specialized features to cater to different industries and transportation needs. Here are some common types of commercial trucks:

1. Pickup Trucks

Pickup trucks are light-duty trucks primarily designed for personal use and light commercial applications. They have an open cargo bed at the rear and can seat two to five people. Pickup trucks are commonly used for general cargo transportation, small-scale deliveries, and towing lighter loads.

2. Box Trucks

Box trucks, also known as cube trucks or straight trucks, have an enclosed cargo area with a box-shaped body. The cargo area is separate from the driver’s cab, providing security and protection for transported goods. Box trucks are commonly used for local deliveries, moving services, furniture transportation, and various commercial applications.

3. Refrigerated Trucks

Refrigerated trucks, also called reefer trucks, are equipped with a cooling or refrigeration system to transport perishable goods at controlled temperatures. They are commonly used in the food and beverage industry, catering services, pharmaceutical transport, and other industries that require temperature-sensitive transportation.

4. Flatbed Trucks

Flatbed trucks have an open cargo bed without sides or a roof. They provide a versatile platform for transporting large, bulky, or irregularly shaped cargo that cannot fit inside an enclosed space. Flatbed trucks are commonly used in the construction industry to transport construction materials, machinery, and oversized loads.

5. Dump Trucks

Dump trucks have a hydraulic bed that can be raised at the front to dump or unload materials. They are commonly used in construction, mining, and landscaping industries to transport and unload bulk materials, such as soil, gravel, sand, or debris. Dump trucks come in various sizes, from smaller models for local applications to large off-road trucks for mining operations.

6. Tanker Trucks

Tanker trucks are specialized trucks designed to transport liquids or gases in large cylindrical tanks. They are commonly used for transporting fuel, chemicals, water, milk, and other liquid or gas substances. Tanker trucks require specific safety measures and certifications due to the nature of the cargo they transport.

7. Tow Trucks

Tow trucks, also known as recovery vehicles, are designed for towing disabled or illegally parked vehicles. They are equipped with special towing equipment, such as a hydraulic lift or a flatbed, to transport vehicles that cannot be driven. Tow trucks are commonly used by roadside assistance services, towing companies, and law enforcement agencies.

8. Garbage Trucks

Garbage trucks, also called waste management trucks or refuse trucks, are designed for collecting and transporting solid waste or recyclable materials from residential, commercial, or industrial areas. They come in various configurations, including rear-loaders, front-loaders, and side-loaders, depending on the method of waste collection.


Commercial trucks serve diverse industries and transportation needs, providing solutions for the efficient transportation of goods and materials. Whether it’s pickup trucks, box trucks, refrigerated trucks, flatbed trucks, dump trucks, tanker trucks, tow trucks, or garbage trucks, each type serves a specific purpose and caters to different cargo requirements. Selecting the appropriate commercial truck depends on factors such as cargo type, size, weight, distance, industry regulations, and specific transportation needs.