The Different Types of Clover: How to Identify and Grow Them

Clover refers to a genus of plants in the Trifolium family, and it includes several species with different characteristics. Here are some types of clover:

1. White Clover (Trifolium repens)

White clover is a common and widely recognized clover species. It is a low-growing perennial with trifoliate leaves and small white flowers. White clover is known for its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, making it beneficial for lawns, pastures, and as a cover crop.

2. Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Red clover is another well-known clover species. It is a perennial plant with deep pink to reddish-purple flowers. Red clover is often used as a forage crop and cover crop due to its ability to improve soil fertility and attract pollinators.

3. Crimson Clover (Trifolium incarnatum)

Crimson clover is an annual clover species that features vibrant red flowers. It is commonly grown as a cover crop to enrich the soil with nitrogen and organic matter. Crimson clover is also known for its ornamental value in gardens and can be used as a forage crop for livestock.

4. Sweet Clover (Melilotus spp.)

Sweet clover refers to two species: yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis) and white sweet clover (Melilotus alba). These biennial or perennial clovers have yellow or white flowers, respectively. Sweet clover is often used as a forage crop and cover crop, and it has a pleasant fragrance.

5. Subterranean Clover (Trifolium subterraneum)

Subterranean clover is a low-growing annual clover species that is native to the Mediterranean region. It is adapted to dry conditions and has small pink or white flowers. Subterranean clover is commonly used as a forage crop and in erosion control due to its ability to establish quickly.

These are just a few examples of clover species, and there are many other species and varieties of clover found across different regions. Clovers are valued for their nitrogen-fixing capabilities, ability to improve soil health, and importance as forage and cover crops in agriculture and landscaping.