Circular Saw Blades 101: Types of Blades and What They’re Used For

Circular saw blades come in various types, each designed for specific cutting applications and materials. Here are some common types of circular saw blades:

1. Rip-Cut Blades

Rip-cut blades are designed for cutting along the grain of wood. They typically have fewer teeth with larger gullets, allowing for faster material removal during long, straight cuts.

2. Crosscut Blades

Crosscut blades are used for cutting across the grain of wood. They have more teeth and a finer tooth configuration, producing smoother and cleaner cuts. Crosscut blades are suitable for cutting plywood, hardwood, and other wood materials.

3. Combination Blades

Combination blades, as the name suggests, are versatile and designed for both rip-cutting and crosscutting. They have a mix of rip and crosscut teeth, allowing for general-purpose cutting in various wood materials.

4. Plywood Blades

Plywood blades are specifically designed for cutting plywood and other engineered wood products. They have a high tooth count and an alternating top bevel (ATB) tooth configuration, which helps prevent chip-out and produces clean cuts.

5. Dado Blades

Dado blades are used to create wide and precise dado or groove cuts in wood. They consist of multiple blades or chippers that can be stacked together to achieve the desired width of the cut. Dado blades are commonly used for joinery and cabinetry projects.

6. Fine-Finish Blades

Fine-finish blades are designed for producing smooth and clean cuts in various materials, including hardwood, softwood, plywood, and laminates. They typically have a high tooth count and a special tooth geometry that minimizes splintering and tear-out.

7. Metal Cutting Blades

Metal cutting blades, also known as carbide-tipped blades or abrasive blades, are specifically designed for cutting through metal materials such as steel, aluminum, and copper. They have teeth with special carbide tips or abrasive cutting edges to withstand the hardness of metal.

8. Masonry Blades

Masonry blades are used for cutting through brick, concrete, stone, and other masonry materials. They have a diamond-tipped or abrasive cutting edge that can withstand the hardness of these materials and provide efficient cutting performance.

It’s important to select the appropriate circular saw blade for your specific cutting needs and materials to ensure clean cuts, optimal performance, and safe operation. Consider the type of material you will be cutting, the desired finish, and the specific features of the blade that will best suit your cutting requirements.